Cosmetic Surgery: History And Future

What cosmetic surgery looks like today recommended site. Plastic or cosmetic surgery encompasses much more than breast implants or Michael Jackson’s famous nose. While some cosmetic surgery may be required due to an injury, others is done because the patient does not like his or her physical features.

Plastic surgery does not refer to synthetic polymers. Instead, it is the art of sculpting. Cosmetic surgery is more common because of this. The field of medicine is concerned with correcting and restoring an object. This surgery can be performed for both aesthetic and medical reasons.

Cosmetic surgery is more than 4,500 years old, although most historical writings place it in India around 800 B.C. and the work of Indian physicians like Sashruta – known as “fathers of Indian surgery”. Charak made an important contribution to modern cosmetic surgery. His writings in Sanskrit Arabic eventually reached Europe, where Italians adopted the methods developed by Sashruta.

British surgeons began to travel to India in 1794 for Kumbar Vaidva’s Rhinoplasties. The Gentleman’s Magazine published the results. Aulus Celsus was able to describe in his writings cosmetic facial surgeries using skin grafts. Chopart began using grafts as early as 1792 in Europe. Joseph Carouc reconstructed the nose of a military official who lost his because of mercury poisoning in 1814. Carl Ferdinand von Graefe then published Rhinoplastik in 1818. This book emphasized a graft procedure using the skin of the arm. .

At the end of 19th century cosmetic surgery came to America when Dr. John Peter Mettauer operated on a palate cleft in 1827. He used self-designed instruments. Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach followed suit in 1845 with the Operative Chinergie. It was this book that introduced America to the idea of changing one’s look by sculpting a nose. World War I saw many facial injuries as well as burns due to the weapons of the time. To restore many of these facial injuries to their pre-war state, doctors had to perform medical miracles. Plastic surgery changed forever. In 1931 The Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgical Surgeons (SPRS) was formed, which led the way to new and innovative forms of cosmetic and reconstructive surgery.

Cosmetic surgery, as we know today, would not have been feasible without the use of anesthetics to relieve pain. This is because there are intense procedures involved. Introduction of disinfectants as well penicillin and antibiotics have reduced the chance of infection after and during these procedures. We have seen plastic surgery in both the Surgeon-General’s Office and as a Nobel Prize Winner. Recent changes in the cosmetic surgical field have increased public awareness of the realities behind plastic surgery. As our medical profession advances, there will be many new ways of improving our quality of life through cosmetic surgery.

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